Mining is a massive industry involving a diverse range of energy intensive processes such as excavation, mine operation, material transfer, mineral preparation and separation.
In the US alone, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 400 mines operate 8,300 diesel-powered vehicles. In addition to the greenhouse gas emissions from the diesel or the fossil fuel energy dependency, the exposure of miners to high concentrations of particulate matter is also a major environmental concern.
Like all other industries, mining corporations need water. Water used for the extraction of minerals that may be in the form of solids, such as coal, iron, sand, and gravel; liquids, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. The category includes quarrying, milling (crushing, screening, washing, and flotation of mined materials), re-injecting extracted water for secondary oil recovery, and other operations associated with mining activities.
According to the U.S. Geological Survey, total mining water withdrawals in 2010 were 5.32 Billion gallons a day or about 1 percent of total withdrawals from all uses.
The EPA estimates that mining has polluted at least 40 percent of stream reaches in the headwaters of western watersheds.
According to the U.S. GOA there were at least 161,000 abandoned hardrock mine sites in 13 western states and at least 33,000 of these sites had degraded the environment, by contaminating surface water and groundwater or leaving arsenic-contaminated tailings piles.
This threat was made real on August 5, 2015, when a spill at the Gold King mine near Durango, Colorado sent more than 3 million gallons of toxic water into the Animas River. The spill went from Colorado into New Mexico, and on to Lake Powell in Utah.
The AWE Solutions
Diesel Fuel - The mining industry operates on diesel fuel. Our CavX cavitation technology increases fuel economies from 10 – 20% depending on the quality of the fuel. We do this by breaking the hydrocarbon molecular chain to the left (BS&W, bio-solids and paraffin). This lowers the amount of heavy diesel while creating more light fuel. This upgrade of diesel or biodiesel into a lighter, cleaner more energetic fuel also lowers emissions.
Water -Without added chemistry the Ionizer oxidizes heavy metals from water rendering them insoluble in many cases that are easily removed with other suspended solids in the settling ponds.